Engage the seven senses to help children feel calm and stay focused.
Grumpy, frustrated, worried, bored, overwhelmed (insert adjective describing your child's mood here) home learners can all benefit from a sensory break to engage their senses, boost self-regulation, and shake things up a bit.
Parents and educators, take note: all it takes is a little innovation to create meaningful sensory experiences. Try one of the activities from the list below when your child becomes fidgety, disengaged, anxious, or overwhelmed. Even better, plan a handful of activities throughout the day, because an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure (and sensory activities can be a lot of fun for adults and children alike!).
What are sensory activities?
Sensory activities are a gateway to improved self-regulation for many children and youth, especially those with sensory processing challenges. Developmental or behavioral disorders, such as autism and ADHD, cause some children to process sensory information in ways that make learning and playing difficult. Anxiety - which is currently at a societal peak - is another reason children may have a hard time tolerating the sensory terrain of daily life, such as loud sounds, bright lights, background noise, or uncomfortable clothing.
Sensory-based therapies are one way occupational therapists help children cope with diverse sensory stimuli so that they can participate in daily life with less distress. Sensory activities - which target one or more senses in a soothing or stimulating way - are the bedrock of this approach.
How to get started:
21 Sensory Activities for Focus & Calm
Select images from freepik.com
Children with sensory processing challenges have trouble using and/or integrating the information their body takes in through the senses.
Some children are more sensitive to certain sensations, like loud noises, bright lights, strong tastes, or having sticky hands, for example.
Other children may be less responsive to sensations and actively seek them out, such as constant or repetitive movement or deep pressure like a tight bear hug.
A pilot study conducted by Pffeifer et al. (2011) published in the Journal of Occupational Therapy used a randomized controlled trial model to measure the effects of sensory integration therapy in children with autism aged 6-12.
They found that this type of therapy helped autistic children make significant improvements in sensory processing and regulation and social-emotional function.
Sensory-based therapies are based on the pioneering work of Dr. Ayres in the 1970s. They use a variety of activites and materials to provide stimulation across the seven senses, with the goal of organizing the sensory system.
While sensory-based therapies are widely recognized to be anecdotally beneficial, the empirical research on their effectiveness is mixed due to methodological challenges and other considerations, such as variation in sensory-processing issues between individuals.